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Zvakanakira zveClad-Rack warehouse

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Kuti tinzwisise zvirinani mabhenefiti anopihwa nekuvaka imba yekuchengetera yakavharwa, isu tinofanirwa kutanga tafunga mamwe maficha ematura akavakwa echinyakare:

• Chivako chedura rechinyakare chinoumbwa nechimiro chekutsigira, chine mbiru dzayo, trusses, magidhi edenga, madziro emadziro uye denga, pane izvo kunze kwekunze semhepo, chando kana kudengenyeka kwenyika kunopesana, zvichienderana nenzvimbo yayo.Masimba ose anopfuudzwa pasi kuburikidza nembiru, izvo zvinoda kuvakwa kwekuremerwa-kugovera tsoka.Izvo zvakakoshawo kuvaka slab kana pasi neyakakwana mutoro wekutakura kuti ukwanise kutsigira huremu hwezvinhu uye mabatiro emidziyo.

• Imba yekuchengetera zvinhu, kana imwe yezvikamu zvayo, inoumbwa nemaraki anogara kureba kwemukati mechivako.

• Pane kazhinji pallets dzinorema dzakachengetwa pamaraki, saka maverengero anofanirwa kuitwa kutsungirira zvinhu zvese zvakachengetwa.

• Pane kazhinji pallets dzinorema dzakachengetwa pamaraki, saka maverengero anofanirwa kuitwa kutsungirira zvinhu zvese zvakachengetwa.

• Rakisi zviumbwa zvesimbi zvine nhamba huru yembiru (maframes/uprights) anogovera huremu zvakaenzana pasi peimba yekuchengetera zvinhu.

• Masimba ayo anotapurirwa zvikwata zveracking pasi akakwira zvakanyanya kupfuura ayo anofambiswa nembiru dzechivako, kunyangwe ega.Imwe neimwe yakatwasuka inotumira mutoro wakareruka uye iyo, pamusoro pezvose, inogoverwa.

• Kana masimba ekunze anotsigira chivako akaendeswa pasi kuburikidza nemapuranga, aizowedzera chikamu chiduku kune imwe neimwe yakarurama mukuenzanisa nemitoro yakabva kune zvinhu.

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Zvakanakira zveakapfeka-rack warehouse

1. Kushandisa zvizere nzvimbo yepamusoro

Imba yekuchengetera zvinhu inogadzirwa panguva imwe chete neiyo racks uye inongotora nzvimbo inodiwa, isina mbiru dzepakati dzinopesvedzera kugovera kwavo.

2. Optimization yehurefu

Sezvakaita pamusoro penzvimbo, kureba kuchava chete izvo zvinodiwa.Panguva imwecheteyo, matrusses epamusoro kana magidhi anoda kushoma kureba uye kurerekera kutsigirwa zvakananga pane racking.

Maximum urefu hwekuvaka.Iwe unogona kuvaka kune chero hurefu, zvinongoenderana nemitemo yemunharaunda kana chiyero chekubata nzira dzinoshandiswa, kukwanisa kudarika 45 m yakakwirira (iyo inenge yakaoma uye inodhura mukugadzirwa kwechinyakare).

3. Kuvaka kuri nyore

Chimiro chese chakaunganidzwa pane kongiri slab yehukobvu hwakakodzera kuti iwane kugovera kwakafanana kwemasimba panheyo;hapana kuwanda kwemutoro.

4. Nguva shoma yekupedzisa

Kana iyo slab ichinge yavakwa, iyo yese dhizaini uye kuvharika zvinofambira mberi uye panguva imwe chete yakaiswa.

5. Kuchengetedza mari

Semutemo wakajairwa, mutengo weiyo clad-rack warehouse ishoma pane echinyakare racks.Iyo yakakura kureba kwekuvaka, iyo inowedzera purofiti iyo clad-rack system.

6. Minimal civil works

Inongoda chete kuvakwa kweslab pasi uye, mune dzimwe nguva, rusvingo rusina mvura pakati pemamita maviri kusvika kumusoro.Muchiitiko icho nzvimbo yekushanda inoda kuwedzerwa kuti igamuchirwe uye kutumira, chivakwa chechinyakare chinogona kuvakwa, asi chehurefu hwakakwana pasina kusvika pahurefu hwese hweimba yekuchengetera.

7. Zviri nyore kubviswa

Kuve chimiro chakaumbwa neakajairwa rack zvinhu zvinouya zvakafanounganidzwa kana kubhoti, zvinogona kudzikiswa zviri nyore uye chikamu chepamusoro chezvikamu zvakadzoserwa.

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Pakuisa imba yekuchengetera yakavharwa

Iyo yakasiyana-siyana yekushandisa yerudzi urwu rwematura yakafara kwazvo, kunyangwe iri yakanyanya kukodzera mhinduro mune anotevera kesi:

-Apo imba yekuchengetera inodarika 12 m yakakwirira.

-Kana kuvakwa kuri kwepasi, asi kushandiswa kwayo ndekwenguva pfupi kana pro-kuona.

-Kana iyo yakanyanya optimization yenzvimbo uye vhoriyamu inodiwa, zvisinei nekukwirira kwekuvaka kunovakwa.

Panyaya yezvipfeko zvakapfeka-rack izvo zvisingasviki 12 m kureba, iyo yekuchengetedza sisitimu iyo inowanzoshandiswa isiri-otomatiki compact (drive-in palletizer, push-back, Pallet Shuttle uye kurarama negiravhiti).

Iko kushandiswa kweyakajairwa pallet racking, ingave imwe chete kana kaviri-kudzika, kwakajairika kutanga pahurefu uhwu.Kune rimwe divi, kana pamusoro pe15 m yakakwirira yekubata michina inofanirwa kuve otomatiki.

Semitemo yakawanda, munyaya yezvigadziro zvemagetsi, nzira yakanakisisa ndeyokutora mukana wekukwirira kwepamusoro kunobvumirwa nemitemo yemunharaunda.Izvi zvinopihwa kuti huwandu hwemakina akagadzirirwa kuisirwa hunoita kuti zvikwanise kuwana iyo inodiwa nhamba yekufamba.Kuti uwane huwandu hwakafanana hwekuchengetera, unogona kusarudza kuisirwa kureba kuisirwa, asi neakawanda mabasa anosanganisira kuisa michina yakawanda-kana kusarudza imba yekuchengetera ine hurefu hwakawanda uye mikoto mishoma, uye nekudaro michina mishoma.

Zvikamu zvekutanga zveimba yekuchengetera zvinhu

Iyo inovaka sisitimu iri nyore kwazvo: chimiro chinoumbwa nemarekeni pachawo pane iyo yepamusoro trusses, denga magidhi uye mativi profiles akaiswa, ayo anoshandiswa kubatanidza mapaneru anoumba madziro uye denga.

Kana midziyo yekubata iri otomatiki stacker cranes, madhairekitori epamusoro anonamirwa kune trusses, kuitira kuti racks anofanirawo kutakura masimba avanotumira.

Iyo warehouse clad-rack inoverengerwa sei

Kunze kwekutakura mitoro inogadzirwa nezvinhu zvakachengetwa uye mauto kubva kumashini ekubata, akapfeka-rack warehouses anofanirwawo kugadzirwa kuti amirire zviito zvechivako, semuenzaniso, kuita kwemhepo, kuremerwa kwedenga (kuchengetedza, chando. , zvichingodaro), huremu pachahwo uye hwemadziro emadziro - zvese zvekufukidzira uye facades - kunze kwekufunga nezve seismic coefficient inoenderana nenzvimbo iyo yakaiswa.

Sezvinei nechero civil engineering dhizaini, iyo clad-rack warehouse inoumba chikamu chechivakwa chekuvaka.Zvisinei, izvi zvinosanganisira zvivakwa zvakanyatsonaka, nokuti kunze kwezvimwe zvezvivakwa zvechivako chinoshandiswa, zvinorehwa nemaraki zvinofanira kuverengwa.

Saka, pakuverenga nekugadzira chimiro chemba-yakavharwa-rack warehouse, kwete chete mitemo yenyika imwe neimwe yekuvaka uye zviito zvinogona kukanganisa chimiro zvinoremekedzwa (zviito zvemhepo, kuremerwa kwedenga, seismic chiito, nezvimwewo), asiwo yakananga mitemo yesimbi racking.

Padanho reEuropean, iyo inotevera mirau iri kushanda kune ese masimbi zvimiro:

EN 1990 / Nheyo yekugadzirwa kwemaitiro.

EN 1991 / Eurocode 1: Zviito pane zvimiro.

EN 1993 / Eurocode 3: Dhizaini yezvimiro zvesimbi.

EN 1998 / Eurocode 8: Dhizaini yezvimiro zvekudzivirira kudengenyeka.

Kune zvakare maitiro akasiyana emamiriro ekunze akanangana nenzvimbo yega yega, izvo zvingangoda kutsauka kubva kune inowanzo shandiswa chiyero.Pamusoro pezvo, mune dzimwe nyika mamiriro ekuverenga akasiyana (semuenzaniso, akanyanya kuomarara ekuchengetedza ecoefficients kupfuura ayo anotsanangurwa muEuropean zviyero) anodiwa.

EN 15512 / Simbi yakadzikama yekuchengetedza masisitimu.Inogadziriswa pallet racking masisitimu.Misimboti yekugadzirwa kwemaitiro.

EN 15620 / Simbi yakadzikama yekuchengetedza masisitimu.Adjustable pallet racking.Tolerances, deformations uye clearances.

EN 15635 / Simbi yakadzikama yekuchengetedza masisitimu.Kushandiswa uye kuchengetedza midziyo yekuchengetedza.

Chimiro cheiyo clad-rack warehouse inoumbwa nezviuru zvemajunctions uye tsvimbo, saka iwe unoda ane simba ekuverenga zvirongwa kuti uenzanise uye uverenge rudzi urwu rwekumisikidza mumativi matatu.3D modelling yakakosha kana tichida kufanotaura mhedzisiro iyo ongororo yakareruka muzvikamu zviviri haigone kuburitsa.

Mapurogiramu ekuverenga anobvumira.

●Kutarisa zviito pane chimiro.Semuenzaniso, mutoro wakachengetwa unofananidzwa semutoro wakagoverwa zvakaenzana pamatanda.Izvo zvakare zvinofunga nezvekuita kwemhepo, denga rakawandisa ...

●Kuwana mauto anotakurwa nemaraki: kukotama, kuveura uye nguva dzeaxil patsvimbo yega yega uye nekusangana kwega kwega.

●Kuwana deformations uye displacements zvose zvimiro zvikamu.

● Tarisa kukodzera kwezvikamu kana maprofayiri akafungidzirwa mukuverenga, uchishandisa mafomula ekusimbisa anotsanangurwa mumutemo we EN 1993 uye 15512.

Munzvimbo dzakareba kwazvo (25 m uye zvichikwira), hazvina kukwana kuti uve nechokwadi chekuti maprofiles anonyatso pikisa masimba avanofanira kutora, asi kubviswa kwemba yekuchengetera mukati meiyo yakataurwa nemutemo EN 15620 inofanirawo kusimbiswa mumativi maviri.

Izvo zvakakosha kuratidza kuti kuverenga kweakapfeka-rack warehouse inzira yekudzokorora.Zvinoreva kuti munhu ari kuverenga anoshandisa mamwe maprofile uye, obva atarisa nekuona kukodzera kwawo.Iyi nzira inodzokororwa kusvika yawana yakanyanya kukwenenzverwa mhinduro inogoneka, inosangana nezvinodiwa zvese zvekuchengetedza uye inopa mhindu yakanyanya.Kudzokorora kunenge kwakareba kana kupfupi zvichienderana neruzivo rwemunhu ari kuverenga.

Civil mabasa uye gungano

Basa guru rehurumende ishoma

Chete slab iyo chimiro chinogara uye mapaipi emvura inodiwa.Saizvozvo, zvichienderana nekushandiswa kwayo, madziro emadziro ekudzivirira mvura uye imwe nzvimbo yekushanda yehurefu hwakakodzera inogona kumiswa, sezvatotaurwa.

Mukuita kwekuungana kwechimiro, basa rekutanga rinoitwa panzvimbo ndeyekuongororwa kwekuyerwa kwakaringana kweslab, mushure meiyo chikamu cheanchor plate chinoiswa munzvimbo yavo yekupedzisira (vasati vamisa chimiro).Kana uchinge waona kuenzana kwakaringana kwema racks, unogona kuzadza nzvimbo iri pakati peplate uye pasi nekongiri isina shrink.Nhanho inotevera ndeyekuunganidza chimiro.Iwe unogona kuisa chero rudzi rwepallet yekuchengetedza sisitimu, ese ari maviri uye akadzika-yakadzika, ane mhenyu racks, ine kana isina Pallet Shuttle uye musanganiswa ne stacker cranes kana kutamisa mota.Izvo zvakare zvinogoneka kuisa akapfeka-rack matura emabhokisi, kunyanya akakodzera musanganiswa neiyo miniload otomatiki sisitimu yematoti / stacker cranes & yakawanda shuttle yema pallets.

Gungano rinowanzotanga pamusoro weimba yekuchengetera zvinhu uye, mushure mekuisa racks yekutanga uye chikamu chekuvhara (kuvharidzira uye facades), michina yekubata inotangwa.Zvadaro, chimiro chinopedzwa kuunganidzwa uye imwe yakasara yekupfekedza inoiswa.

Zvinodiwa zve clad-rack warehouse zvinogona kusiyana zvichienderana nezvikonzero zvakati.Semuenzaniso, kana ichishandiswa sekuchengetedza kutonhora, ma slabs maviri anovakwa - imwe pamusoro peimwe - uye iwe unoisa kuvharisa pakati pavo.

Panguva imwecheteyo, pasi slab inobatanidza ventilation system, kana dunhu remapombi, kudzivirira nheyo kubva kuchando.

Chimwe chinhu chinotaridza kureba.Kana humwe hurefu hunodiwa kupfuura hunobvumirwa nemitemo inoshandiswa, pane mukana wekuvaka chikamu cheimba yekuchengetera mumugero.Muzviitiko izvi, gadziriro dzehatch kana gonhi dzinofanirwa kuitwa kune vanogadzirisa uye kuisa manera ekupinda, madhini uye pombi dzemvura dzinoyerera.

Pane dzimwe nguva, kureba kunotariswa nezvinhu zvakaita semhepo kana seismicity inokanganisa nzvimbo.Mhedzisiro yeichi chinhu ichave yakakura nekukwira kweimba yekuchengetera, iyo yakatwasuka bracing inofanirwa kufambisa masimba anogadzirwa muchimiro pamwe neiyo kongiri slab inogadzira pasi.

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Kubatanidzwa kweimba yekuchengetera zvinhu

Kazhinji, matura anovakwa padivi pemamwe maitiro ekugadzira.Apo gadziriro inovaka inozvitsigira, kunyange zvikuru kana michina inobata ichingozvimirira, kureba kunowanzova kwakakwirira zvikuru kupfuura zvimwe zvivako uye nzvimbo yairi yakanyatsoongororwa.

Izvo zvakakosha kuisa imba yekuchengetera munzvimbo ine hunyanzvi, kurerutsa kuyerera pakati penzvimbo dzakasiyana dzakabatanidzwa zvakanyanya sezvinobvira.Izvi zvichava nyore kana chiri chikamu chechirimwa chitsva, uye zvinoenderana neruzivo uye ruzivo rwemugadziri.

Kunyangwe mazhinji ematura akabatanidzwa kune zvivakwa zvekugadzira, pane mamiriro ezvinhu umo nzvimbo yekuchengetera ichave iri kure: kune zvinodiwa zvekugadzirisa, kana kuwedzera kweramangwana, kana kusabvisa nzira dzemukati.Kuti ubatanidze imba yekuchengetera nezvimwe zvivakwa, unogona kushandisa chero yeiyi sarudzo:

1. Iva nemarori ekufambisa anobatanidza nzvimbo dzekugadzira neimba yekuchengetera zvinhu.Chinhu chine musoro kuita mune iyi nyaya ndechekuti mota neimba yekuchengetera zvinhu zvakagadzirira kuburitsa otomatiki.

2. Vaka mugero wepasi pevhu kuti ubatanidze nzvimbo mbiri kuburikidza nemaconveyors.

3. Vakai overpass pane yakasimudzwa chimiro.

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Mhedziso

Iko mukana wekugadzirisa imba yekuchengetera nemhando dzakasiyana dzekuchengetedza masisitimu emapallet uye emabhokisi, ese manyorerwo uye otomatiki, anobvumidza iwe kupindura kune ese marudzi ekurodha mayuniti, mashandiro uye zvinodiwa.

Chero zvazvingaitika, makambani chete HUARUIDE (zita rechiratidzo: FAST) ruzivo uye mhando yebasa anogona kuita rudzi urwu rwekuvaka uye kupa mhinduro yakanakisa zvichienderana nezvinodiwa, iyo yaitarisirwa kushandiswa, nzvimbo uye kureba kwechivako ichi uchiita seyega. interlocutor mukati mekuita.

Uyezve, HUARUIDE (zita remhando: FAST) yakazvipira kusimudzira kweinjiniya yemapurojekiti nechikwata chayo chenyanzvi, ingave mumuchina, magetsi, zvemagetsi kana software nyanzvi.Izvi zvinobatsira kuve nechokwadi chekuzadzikiswa kweese tekinoroji uye zvemutemo mitemo inoshanda kune kuiswa.

Clad-rack warehouses inoshandiswa neHUARUIDE (zita rechiratidzo: FAST) vakaratidza kushanda kwavo muzvikamu zvakasiyana-siyana sechikafu, motokari, mishonga, zvisara, peturu, ceramics, metallurgy, makemikari uye zvizorwa zvigadzirwa, zvigadzirwa zvepurasitiki, logistics operators, nezvimwe. Iyi mhinduro inokurudzirwa zvakare kuchengetedza kutonhora kana chando, kunyanya kana yasanganiswa neatomatiki ekubata masisitimu.Saka, kushandura kuziva-maitiro uye kutonhora-kuchengetera kuita pundutso.


Nguva yekutumira: Mar-15-2023